Neurology, Neurosurgery, Spine SurgeryWelcome to Our Neurology Department
Typical neurological procedures include:Lumbar puncture
Neurologists may use a lumbar puncture to test the spinal fluid. They may recommend the procedure if they believe patients’ symptoms are caused by a problem in the nervous system that can be detected in the spinal fluid. The procedure involves inserting a needle into the spine after numbing it and taking a sample of spinal fluid.
This procedure helps neurologists to diagnose myasthenia gravis. In this test, the doctor injects the patient with a medicine called Tensilon. Then they observe how it affects your muscle movements.
An EMG measures electrical activity between the patient’s brain or spinal cord to a peripheral nerve. This nerve is found in your arms and legs and is responsible for muscle control during times of movement and rest. EMGs can help the neurologist to diagnose spinal cord disease as well as general muscle or nerve dysfunction.
With electrodes applied to your scalp, an EEG measures electrical activity in the brain. It’s used to help diagnose conditions of the brain, including inflammation, tumours, and injuries, as well as seizures and psychiatric disorders. Unlike an EMG, an EEG doesn’t usually cause any discomfort. Before the test, a technician places electrodes around the scalp that look like small cups. As small changes in the brain are measured through the electrodes, the technician will create changes in the environment to measure brain signals, such as different lighting or noises.